Friday, 26 July 2019

F.W.Taylor's Scientific Management-Principles and Techniques | What is Taylor's Scientific Management?

Fredrick Winslow Taylor's Scientific Management-

Who was Fredrick Winslow Taylor?

F. W .Taylor was an American Mechanical Engineer and a Management Consultant.

F. W. Taylor had developed the theory of scientific management in the year 1911. Due to his scientific approach towards management, he is also called as Father of Scientific Management.

A couple of these principles are very similar to a few principals of management coined by Henry Fayol.

According to Taylor. all the management problems should be solved in a scientific manner and not by trial and error method.

So let us see what are these principles of scientific management devised by Fredrick Winslow Taylor

1. Principle of development of science for each part of the job.

There may be many approaches to do a particular job or task. However, according to Taylor, there is always only one best way to do a particular job or a task.

Managers should make use of scientific methods to find out which is the best way to do a particular job or task before assigning that job or task to the workers.

According to him, managers should not make use of guesswork to find out the best way of doing a particular job or task before assigning it to the employees or the workers.

The managers should make use of scientific methods to calculate the time required to do each particular job. This can be done by observing the employees or workers when they are doing a particular task or job.

The managers should make use of scientific methods to determine how much work an employee can do in a day and they should use the scientific methods to find out the best way of doing a particular task or the job.

The managers should not make use of any thumb rule or guesswork while trying to find out the best possible way to do a particular job. Instead, they should apply scientific methods like data collection and analysis of the data before determining the best way to perform a particular job.

According to Taylor, even the selection and training of employees and workers should be done using science.

As per Taylor, the managers should recruit employees on the basis of tests and interviews. Before recruiting any person for a particular job, the managers should clearly define the qualities that, that person should possess for performing that job or task. This will make the selection process very easier.

Taylor says that the managers should keep on training their employees from time to time in order to make sure that they give the maximum output by working in the most efficient manner.

2. Principle of Cooperation between Management and Employees -

As per F.W.Taylor, there should be proper cooperation between management and the employees of the organisation.

The cooperation between management and employees is key to the success of an organisation.

No organization can succeed in the absence of proper co-operation between the management and employees.

Both management and employees should work hand in hand as a team for the achievement of organisational goals.

3. Principle of the division of responsibilities -

According to Taylor, there should be a balance in the division of work and responsibilities among management and employees.

Noone should be overburdened with work or responsibility.

The work and responsibilities should be assigned to various employees as per their skills and abilities.

The managers should be given the responsibility of decision making and planning, whereas the workers or the lower level employees should be given the responsibility of execution of those plans.

4. Mental revolution -

According to Taylor, in most organizations, there is usually some friction that happens between managers and employees.

The mental revolution means a complete change in attitude in the way both management and employees deal with each other.

As per Taylor, the management should provide fair remuneration to all employees and also good working conditions for them.

In turn, the employees should give their hundred percent while at work and ensure that there is maximum productivity.

The employees should also ensure that there is maximum utilisation of organisational resources. They can do this by minimising the wastages.

5. Maximum prosperity for employer and employees -

As per this principle, scientific management should aim at maximum prosperity of both the employer as well as employees.

The maximum prosperity of employer, as well as employees, can be achieved only if-

a. There is a good co-operation between management and employees

b. There is a proper division of responsibility & tasks

AND

c. There is a complete mental revolution within the organisation.

In other words, the maximum prosperity of employer and employees can be achieved only if the previous three principles are properly implemented.

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